Power Windows (album)

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Power Windows
Studio album by
ReleasedOctober 21, 1985 (1985-10-21)[1]
RecordedApril–August 1985
Rush chronology
Grace Under Pressure
Power Windows
Hold Your Fire
Singles from Power Windows
  1. "The Big Money"
    Released: October 1985[2]
  2. "Mystic Rhythms"
    Released: January 1986

Power Windows is the eleventh studio album by Canadian rock band Rush, released on October 21, 1985[3] by Anthem Records. After touring in support of their previous album, Grace Under Pressure (1984), the band took a break and reconvened in early 1985 to begin work on a follow-up. The material continued to display the band's exploration of synthesizer-oriented music, this time with the addition of sampling, electronic drums, a string section, and choir, with power being a running lyrical theme. Power Windows was recorded in Montserrat and England with Peter Collins as co-producer and Andy Richards on additional keyboards.

The album reached No. 2 in Canada, No. 9 in the United Kingdom, and No. 10 in the United States. In January 1986, the album reached platinum certification by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for one million copies sold in the United States. Rush released two singles from the album, "The Big Money" and "Mystic Rhythms". The band supported the album with their 1985–1986 tour.

Background and writing[edit]

In November 1984, the band ended their concert tour in support of their previous album, Grace Under Pressure (1984). After a short respite, the group started work for a follow-up album in early 1985. Guitarist Alex Lifeson looked back at this period, and noted their conscious effort in taking the strongest elements of their previous two records, Signals (1982) and Grace Under Pressure and capitalising on them for Power Windows. To Lifeson, this resulted in a more cohesive and satisfying album.[4]

In February 1985, Rush had relocated to Elora Sound Studios in Elora, Ontario to write and rehearse new songs. Drummer Neil Peart would write a set of lyrics from the studio's farmhouse while Lifeson and frontman Geddy Lee worked on music to fit Peart's words in the adjacent barn which housed a 24-track recording studio. Peart worked on a small desk in his room, "about the right size for a five-year-old".[5] During this time, Peart researched the Manhattan Project to write lyrics for the same-titled song. He also had a head start, having written outline lyrics for "The Big Money", "Mystic Rhythms", and "Marathon" before these sessions had begun.[5] Lee and Lifeson sorted through jams recorded at soundchecks on tour and Lifeson's own tapes of ideas to assemble music for the three tracks, with each song taking up to a week.[5] They then began on "Middletown Dreams", "Marathon" once again, and then "Grand Designs". Having worked out some material, Rush underwent a five-day warm-up tour in Florida in March 1985 to sharpen their performance and to test the new songs on stage prior to recording.[5] Peart continued to work on lyrics in his hotel room in Miami.[5]

Following their warm-up gigs, the band returned to Elora and continued working on their new songs, their break away being a positive impact on their work upon returning. Peart had initially struggled to finish "Territories" and "Manhattan Project", "but now they just fell together".[5] On their first day back at Elora, Peart began work on lyrics for "Emotion Detector" as the group had discussed the possibility of recording a ballad for their new album. Upon presenting his words to Lee and Lifeson, his lyrics fit to the piece of music that his bandmates were working on at the time.[5] This was followed by Rush arranging the music for "Emotion Detector" and "Territories", after which they had assembled a demo tape of seven new songs ready to present to Collins for recording.[5]

Later in 1985, Peart told an interviewer that Rush's sound "is changing from having been progressive to not being progressive".[6] He noted that though the album might "seem simpler", it was just as difficult to compose and perform.[6] Lifeson expressed some resistance to the emphasis on keyboards during this period of their history. He noted the trend began on Signals which pushed his guitar parts too far into the background as a result. However, he thought Rush achieved a much greater balance of the two instruments on Power Windows, which he thought Moving Pictures (1981) successfully had done.[4]



Rush recorded Power Windows from April to August 1985 in five different recording studios. The group recorded Power Windows with a new producer, Peter Collins.[4] During their warm-up gigs in Florida, the band first met Australian engineer James "Jimbo" Barton who Collins had recommended. They accepted, and Peart later praised Barton's contributions and suggestions to the band, considering his small recommendations to improve a song, which he referred to as "events", was "just what we were looking for".[5] Lifeson compared the experience of recording Power Windows as more pleasant and fun than Grace Under Pressure, which presented various problems for the band. He added that the album contained elements that Rush had not incorporated before and broke several boundaries that had existed with previous albums.[4] Lee supported this view and said the group decided "not to hold anything back" and make the album first and focus later on the music's onstage presentation.[7]

Rush relocated to AIR Studios in Montserrat, the ruins of which are pictured here in 2013, to record guitar overdubs.

Recording began at The Manor Studios in Oxfordshire, England, where the basic rhythm, keyboards, and bass tracks were recorded more quickly than usual, in the span of five weeks, to capture more spontaneous performances ready for overdubs.[7][5] Here, the music was recorded using two Studer A800 24-track tape machines with an SSL console.[7] It was during sessions at The Manor where Rush brought in musician Andy Richards to play additional synthesizers and assist in their programming. His rig consisted of a PPG Wave 2.3 synthesizer connected to a Roland Super Jupiter module through a MIDI system, a Yamaha QX-1 digital sequencer, and a Roland Jupiter-8 and Yamaha DX7 synthesizer.[7] In one instance, Peart's drum technician Larry Allen drove with him to London to collect a set of African and Indian drums to use on "Mystic Rhythms", and bongos for "Territories".[5]

In May 1985, the band had relocated to AIR Studios in the island of Montserrat in the Caribbean. They had discussed recording at the studio for several years and booked the facility for three weeks for Lifeson to record guitar overdubs.[5] The tracks were put down using two Studer tape recorders with a Neve console. Collins recalled this period of recording as painstaking work due to the various combination of microphone and amplifier set-ups that were experimented.[7] This was followed by a return to England in June to record in London, firstly at SARM East Studios. The band chose to live together in a single apartment rather than separate hotel rooms. At SARM East, the guitar solos and Lee's vocals were put down.[5]

Mixing began in July after the band took a one-week break from the material, which coincided with decisions on the final running order, artwork, credits, and photos.[5] In August, the string section was recorded which featured a 30-piece orchestra in studio 1 at Abbey Road Studios. Rush wanted musician and arranger Anne Dudley to complete the string arrangements, which she agreed to do,[8] and the group was conducted by Andrew Pryce Jackman. A 25-piece choir was recorded at Angel Recording Studios for the ending of "Marathon".[5][8] The album completed, Lee oversaw the mastering in New York City in September, and proofs were approved for the album cover.[5]


Power Windows lyrics are focused primarily on various manifestations of power. For example, "Territories" comments on nationalism around the world. Like "Subdivisions" from Signals, "Middletown Dreams" explores suburban monotony and the average person's attempts to temporarily escape it.[9] "Grand Designs" was partly written to criticise mainstream music which the group believed was too superficial. The song also echoes individualistic themes such as non-conformism.[10]

"The Big Money" features the sampling of Peart's voice using an AMS sampler and triggered through his Simmons drum kit.[8]

"Manhattan Project" explores the development and explosion of the first nuclear weapon at the Manhattan Project. The track was difficult for the band to put together, partly due to Peart's difficulty in writing lyrics from an objective point of view, rather than as an observer of the event. Lifeson recalled that Peart had "thoroughly" researched on the topic beforehand.[4]

"Territories" was another difficult track for Rush to complete. After Peart had written some lyrical ideas he went through them with Lee, who noticed it was telling a story and found them difficult to sing once he and Lifeson had developed music for them. Peart then rewrote them in a more direct way which suited Lee better.[4] It features the lyric "Better beer", which is an inside joke. Peart played his drum kit without a snare drum, and the middle section features a sample of Lee's voice saying the phrase "Round and round".[8]

"Middletown Dreams" involved several rewrites before the band reached a working arrangement. After the album was completed, Lifeson expressed some dissatisfaction with the guitar parts, but it grew to become a "very satisfying" track for him.[4]

"Marathon" was anticipated by Lifeson to be difficult to arrange and record, but it turned out to be one of the easiest songs on the album to complete.[4] It contains various samples, the fewest recorded overdubs, and incorporates the string section and choir recorded in London. Collins had the idea of using a choir and the band, upon witnessing the recording, saw the humour in having "pregnant women and old men sing our song".[8] Lifeson considered the song to be close to Peart as he had taken up cycling during days off on the Grace Under Pressure tour, riding 100 miles each time.[4]

"Emotion Detector" was initially anticipated to be easy to complete, but was actually difficult.[4] It is the only track on the album that the band never performed live.

"Mystic Rhythms", as described by Lee, is "the most synthetic track on the record" with each instrument being fed through "a synthesized something".[8] It features Lifeson playing an acoustic Ovation guitar which generated a synthesizer-like sound once fed through amplification.[8]

Sleeve design[edit]

The pictures on the front and back covers were painted by Hugh Syme, from reference photos taken by photographer Dimo Safari, and the model is Neill Cunningham from Toronto.[11][12]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
The Encyclopedia of Popular Music[14]
Rock Hard9/10[16]
Rolling Stone(favourable)[17]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide[18]

Power Windows has been met with mostly positive reviews from music critics. AllMusic's Eduardo Rivadavia retrospectively described the album as Rush's coldest album, citing the sparse, horn-like guitar playing of Lifeson, the prominent synthesizer of Lee and Peart's crisp, clinical percussion and stark lyrical themes. However, he also described the album as one that rewards patience and repeated listens.[19] Rolling Stone magazine, in a positive review of the album, highlighted a number of bands that seemingly influenced Power Windows, such as The Police, U2, Genesis, and Siouxsie and the Banshees. The review concludes that Power Windows may be the missing link between Yes and the Sex Pistols.[17] In 2005, the album was ranked number 382 in Rock Hard magazine's book The 500 Greatest Rock & Metal Albums of All Time.[20] It was also in the top ten of a 2014 Rolling Stone website reader poll of best Rush albums.[21]

Power Windows introduced more synthesizers into the band's sound. During the period when the album was produced, the band were expanding into new directions from their progressive rock base,[22] having "tightened up their sidelong suites and rhythmic abstractions into balled-up song fists, art-pop blasts of angular, slashing guitar, spatial keyboards and hyperpercussion, all resolved with forthright melodic sense".[23]


Although the original recording had a SPARS code of DDD and was considered to be of good quality, a remastered edition was issued in 1997. The remastered edition follows the industry's more recent trend of the loudness war, as it is considerably louder.[24]

  • The tray has a picture of three fingerprints, light blue, pink, and lime green (left to right) with "The Rush Remasters" printed in all capital letters just to the left. All remasters from Moving Pictures to A Show of Hands feature this logo, originally found on the cover art of Retrospective II.
  • Includes the original grey border around the back cover image, along with lyrics and credits.

Power Windows was remastered again in 2011 by Andy VanDette for the "Sector" box sets, which re-released all of Rush's Mercury-era albums. Power Windows is included in the Sector 3 set.[25]

Power Windows was remastered for vinyl in 2015 as a part of the official "12 Months of Rush" promotion.[26]

Track listing[edit]

All lyrics are written by Neil Peart; all music is composed by Alex Lifeson and Geddy Lee

Side one
1."The Big Money"5:36
2."Grand Designs"5:07
3."Manhattan Project"5:09
Side two
2."Middletown Dreams"5:19
3."Emotion Detector"5:11
4."Mystic Rhythms"5:54



  • Geddy Lee – vocals, bass guitar, bass pedals, synthesizers, production, arrangements
  • Alex Lifeson – electric and acoustic guitars, production, arrangements
  • Neil Peart – drums, percussion, electric percussion, production, arrangements

Additional personnel

  • Andy Richards – additional keyboards, synthesizer programming
  • Jim Burgess – synthesizer programming
  • Anne Dudley – string arrangement, conductor
  • Andrew Jackman – conductor, choir arrangements
  • The Choir – additional vocals


  • Peter Collins – production, arrangements
  • Jim Barton – engineer
  • Matt Butler – assistant engineer
  • Stephen Chase – assistant engineer
  • Dave Meegan – assistant engineer
  • Heff Moraes – assistant engineer
  • Bob Ludwig – mastering
  • Brian Lee – mastering
  • Hugh Syme – art direction, graphics, cover design, and painting



Region Certification Certified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[38] Platinum 100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[39] Silver 60,000^
United States (RIAA)[40] Platinum 1,000,000^

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.


  1. ^ "Power Windows release date".
  2. ^ "RPM Canadian charts". Library and Archives Canada. July 17, 2013.
  3. ^ "Music Biz" (PDF). RPM Weekly. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: RPM Music Publications Ltd. (41): 15. October 12, 1985. ISSN 0315-5994. Retrieved March 11, 2022. Rush's long-awaited LP, Power Windows, has been scheduled for an Oct. 11 release.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Putterford, Mark (November 14, 1985). "Pane and Pleasure". Kerrang!. No. 107. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Peart, Neil (1986). "Looking Through Power Windows". Anthem Records. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  6. ^ a b Berti, Jim; Bowman, Durrell (2013). Rush and Philosophy: Heart and Mind United. Popular Culture and Philosophy. Vol. 57. Open Court. p. 217. ISBN 978-0-8126-9729-2. Quoting an interview with Scott K. Fish published in January 1986 Modern Drummer magazine.
  7. ^ a b c d e Bashe, Philip (December 1985). "Grand Designs for the Future". International Musician and Recording World. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Stern, Perry (December 1985). "Baroque Cosmologies in Their Past, The Boys Focus on "The Perfect Song"". Canadian Musician. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  9. ^ Banasiewicz, Bill (1988). "Catching the window – a glimpse beyond". In Chris Charlesworth (ed.). Rush – Visions: The Official Biography. London, UK: Omnibus Press. pp. 84–87. ISBN 0-7119-1162-2.
  10. ^ "Grand Designs". rushvault.com. February 7, 2011. Archived from the original on January 24, 2018. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  11. ^ "Rush's Power Windows a window into record-store owner's past – The Star". thestar.com. January 20, 2016. Archived from the original on October 19, 2017. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  12. ^ Beedham, Tom (January 25, 2016). "We Interviewed the Guy from Rush's 1985 'Power Windows' Cover". Vice. Archived from the original on November 6, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  13. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Power Windows – Rush". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Archived from the original on May 23, 2013. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  14. ^ Larkin, Colin (2007). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195313734.
  15. ^ Dickson, Dave (October 17, 1985). "Stained Glass". Kerrang!. Vol. 105. London, UK: Morgan Grampian. p. 18.
  16. ^ Rensen, Michael. "Rock Hard review". Archived from the original on January 23, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
  17. ^ a b Fricke, David (January 30, 1986). "Power Windows". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  18. ^ "Album Reviews: Power Windows". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 22, 2010. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  19. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Power Windows". AllMusic. Archived from the original on May 23, 2013. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
  20. ^ Best of Rock & Metal - Die 500 stärksten Scheiben aller Zeiten (in German). Rock Hard. 2005. p. 56. ISBN 3-89880-517-4.
  21. ^ "Readers' Poll: 10 Greatest Rush Albums". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
  22. ^ McDonald, Christopher J. (2002). Rush, Rock Music, and the Middle Class: Dreaming in Middletown. Indiana University Press. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-253-00404-8.
  23. ^ Fricke, David. "Power Windows". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
  24. ^ Rowan, Rip (August 31, 2002). "Over the Limit". ProRec. Archived from the original on October 5, 2007. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
  25. ^ "Andy VanDette on Remastering 15 Rush Albums | the Masterdisk Record". Archived from the original on August 23, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
  26. ^ "12 MONTHS OF RUSH: 14 ALBUMS FROM MERCURY ERA FOR RELEASE IN 2015". Rush.com. Archived from the original on July 11, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  27. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 0610". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  28. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Rush – Power Windows" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  29. ^ "European Hot 100 Albums" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 2, no. 45. November 11, 1985. p. 15. Retrieved May 14, 2022 – via World Radio History.
  30. ^ Pennanen, Timo (2021). "Rush". Sisältää hitin - 2. laitos Levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla 1.1.1960–30.6.2021 (PDF). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava. p. 221. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  31. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Rush – Power Windows". Hung Medien. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  32. ^ "Rush | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  33. ^ "Rush Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  34. ^ "AOR Albums" (PDF). Radio & Records. November 8, 1985. p. 76. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  35. ^ "Top RPM Albums: Issue 0618". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  36. ^ "AOR Tracks: Top 85 of '85" (PDF). Radio & Records. December 13, 1985. p. 82. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  37. ^ "Top Pop Albums". Billboard. December 27, 1986. p. Y-19. Retrieved June 27, 2022.
  38. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Rush – Power Windows". Music Canada.
  39. ^ "British album certifications – Rush – Power Windows". British Phonographic Industry.
  40. ^ "American album certifications – Rush – Power Windows". Recording Industry Association of America.

External links[edit]