This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1562.
- January 18 – First performance of Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville's play Gorboduc before Queen Elizabeth I of England. It is the first known English tragedy and the first English-language play to employ blank verse.
- July 12 – Fray Diego de Landa, acting Bishop of Yucatán, burns the Maya codices (sacred books of the Maya) during the Spanish conquest of Yucatán.
- Magdeburger Centurien (Magdeburg Centuries), volumes V and VI
- Melchior Cano – De Locis theologicis (posthumously published)
- Petrus Ramus – Grammaire française
- Richard Smyth – De Missa Sacrificio
- January 20 – Ottavio Rinuccini, Italian poet (died 1621)
- January 31 (bapt.) – Edward Blount, English publisher (died 1632)
- March – Francis Johnson, English Separatist theologian and polemicist (died 1618)
- March 27 – Jacob Gretser, German Jesuit writer (died 1625)
- August – Bartolomé Leonardo de Argensola, Spanish poet and historian (died 1631)
- November 25 – Lope de Vega, Spanish poet and dramatist (died 1635)
- Unknown dates
- July 23 – Götz von Berlichingen, German knight immortalized by Goethe (born c. 1480)
- September 5 – Katharina Zell, Protestant writer (born c. 1497)
- November 6 – Achille Bocchi, Italian humanist writer (born 1488)
- November 12 – Pietro Martire Vermigli, Italian theologian (born 1499)
- Probable year – George Cavendish, English biographer (born 1494)
- "Gorboduc, or the Tragedy of Ferrex and Porrox". Archived from the original on 2007-09-17. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
- Derek Jones (December 2001). Censorship: A World Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 1573. ISBN 978-1-136-79864-1.
- Scott Culpepper (2011). Francis Johnson and the English Separatist Influence: The Bishop of Brownism's Life, Writings, and Controversies. Mercer University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-88146-238-8.
- Jo Eldridge Carney (2001). Renaissance and Reformation, 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 361. ISBN 978-0-313-30574-0.
- Peter G. Bietenholz; Thomas Brian Deutscher (1 January 2003). Contemporaries of Erasmus: A Biographical Register of the Renaissance and Reformation. University of Toronto Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-8020-8577-1.